Lexical concepts (i.e. semantic units conventionally associated with linguistic forms) are viewed in the article as structures consisting of interrelated facets (i.e. conceptual slots filled with various types of information about the referent) with different structural weight. The paper suggests a way to model the graded structure of lexical concepts by assessing the weight of each constituting facet according to its relevance for defining purposes, frequency of contextual profiling and salience in derivation processes. Thus, the approach taken exploits as many linguistic points of access to the concept as possible and uses three different dimensions to range its facets. The suggested idea is verified with a case study of some common lexical concepts in English (e.g. represented by concrete nouns such as “bird”, “tree”, etc.), which reveals both the advantages and the limitations of the approach taken.
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Sources of Lexicographic Definitions:
AHDEL: American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Retrieved from: https://www.ahdictionary.com
CALD: Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. (2003). Cambridge University Press.
CED: Collins English Dictionary. Complete and Unabridged. Retrieved from: http://dictionary.reference.com
Collins COBUILD: The Collins COBUILD Advanced Dictionary of American English. (2007). Harper Collins Publishers Ltd.
LDOCE: Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Retrieved from: http://www.ldoceonline.com
Macmillan: Macmillan Dictionary. Springer Nature Ltd. Retrieved from: http://www.macmillandictionary.com
MWD: Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved from: http://www.merriam-webster.com
OD: Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved from: http://www.oxforddictionaries.com
RHD: Random House Dictionary. Retrieved from: dictionary.reference.com/
WRUD: Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary. DICT Development Group. Retrieved from: http://www.dict.org/
Cited Sources of Idioms:
CD: The Century Dictionary: An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language. Retrieved from: www.micmap.org/dicfro/introduction/century-dictionary
AHDI: The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms. (1997). Houghton Mifflin.
Source of Contexts:
The British National Corpus, version 3. (2007). Oxford: Oxford University Computing Services, on behalf of the BNC Consortium.